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Plymouth University

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Geomorphological Mapping

Wed, 02 Oct 2013

Smith, M.J. and Pain, C. (2011)
In: Gregory, K. and Goudie, A. (eds) SAGE Handbook of Geomorphology, International Association of Geomorphologists


Mapping of landforms is probably as old as the making of maps. Mountain ranges, volcanoes and plains all appear on early representations of land. Often the mountains were represented as hachures or ‘hairy caterpillars’, the depiction of which reached a high art form with the maps of Erwin J. Raisz (e.g. Raisz, 1951, see also Robinson, 1970) and A.K. Lobeck (e.g. 1957) (Plate 3a). These maps were compiled according to set standards, and specified symbols were used. Subsequently there have been several attempts to set standardized symbols and methods, especially by the International Geographical Union (IGU) (e.g. Leszczycki, 1963; International Geographical Union, 1968). This was driven, in part, by the complexity of information that can be presented on one or more of the following key topics: morphometry(shape/location), morphogenesis (evolution, including geological control), morphochronology(relative and absolute age) and morphodynamics(genesis and processes).......

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